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Hillel recognized brotherly love as the fundamental principle of Jewish ethics. [[wikipedia:Rabbi Akiva|Rabbi Akiva]] agreed, while [[wikipedia:Simeon ben Azzai|Simeon ben Azzai]] suggested that the principle of love must have its foundation in Genesis chapter 1, which teaches that all men are the offspring of Adam, who was made in the image of God.<ref> ([[wikipedia:Sifra|Sifra]], Ḳedoshim, iv.; Yer. Ned. ix. 41c; [[wikipedia:Genesis Rabba|Genesis Rabba]] 24</ref><ref name="a" /> According to [[wikipedia:Adam in rabbinic literature|Jewish rabbinic literature]], the first man [[wikipedia:Adam|Adam]] represents the ''unity of mankind''. This is echoed in the modern preamble of the [[wikipedia:Universal Declaration of Human Rights#Preamble|Universal Declaration of Human Rights]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sefaria.org/Mishnah_Sanhedrin.4?lang=en|title=Mishnah Seder Nezikin Sanhedrin 4.5|publisher=sefaria.org|access-date=17 July 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.toseftaonline.org/Tractate-Sanhedrin-chapter-8-tosefta-4|title=Tosefta on Mishnah Seder Nezikin Sanhedrin 8.4–9 (Erfurt Manuscript)|publisher=toseftaonline.org|date=2012-08-21}}</ref> And it is also taught, that Adam is last in order according to the evolutionary character of God's creation:<ref name="a">{{cite web|url=http://jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=758&letter=A&search=adam#1 |title=ADAM |publisher=JewishEncyclopedia.com |access-date=12 September 2013}}</ref><blockquote>Why was only a single specimen of man created first? To teach us that he who destroys a single soul destroys a whole world and that he who saves a single soul saves a whole world; furthermore, so no race or class may claim a nobler ancestry, saying, 'Our father was born first'; and, finally, to give testimony to the greatness of the Lord, who caused the wonderful diversity of mankind to emanate from one type. And why was Adam created last of all beings? To teach him humility; for if he be overbearing, let him remember that the little fly preceded him in the order of creation.<ref name="a" /></blockquote>
Hillel recognized brotherly love as the fundamental principle of Jewish ethics. [[wikipedia:Rabbi Akiva|Rabbi Akiva]] agreed, while [[wikipedia:Simeon ben Azzai|Simeon ben Azzai]] suggested that the principle of love must have its foundation in Genesis chapter 1, which teaches that all men are the offspring of Adam, who was made in the image of God.<ref> ([[wikipedia:Sifra|Sifra]], Ḳedoshim, iv.; Yer. Ned. ix. 41c; [[wikipedia:Genesis Rabba|Genesis Rabba]] 24</ref><ref name="a" /> According to [[wikipedia:Adam in rabbinic literature|Jewish rabbinic literature]], the first man [[wikipedia:Adam|Adam]] represents the ''unity of mankind''. This is echoed in the modern preamble of the [[wikipedia:Universal Declaration of Human Rights#Preamble|Universal Declaration of Human Rights]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sefaria.org/Mishnah_Sanhedrin.4?lang=en|title=Mishnah Seder Nezikin Sanhedrin 4.5|publisher=sefaria.org|access-date=17 July 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.toseftaonline.org/Tractate-Sanhedrin-chapter-8-tosefta-4|title=Tosefta on Mishnah Seder Nezikin Sanhedrin 8.4–9 (Erfurt Manuscript)|publisher=toseftaonline.org|date=2012-08-21}}</ref> And it is also taught, that Adam is last in order according to the evolutionary character of God's creation:<ref name="a">{{cite web|url=http://jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=758&letter=A&search=adam#1 |title=ADAM |publisher=JewishEncyclopedia.com |access-date=12 September 2013}}</ref><blockquote>Why was only a single specimen of man created first? To teach us that he who destroys a single soul destroys a whole world and that he who saves a single soul saves a whole world; furthermore, so no race or class may claim a nobler ancestry, saying, 'Our father was born first'; and, finally, to give testimony to the greatness of the Lord, who caused the wonderful diversity of mankind to emanate from one type. And why was Adam created last of all beings? To teach him humility; for if he be overbearing, let him remember that the little fly preceded him in the order of creation.<ref name="a" /></blockquote>
{{Bible quote|inline=false|ref=Luke 6:31}}


=== Deny oneself to follow Christ (rule 10) ===
=== Deny oneself to follow Christ (rule 10) ===